Interdisciplinary studies of submarine volcanoes and hydrothermal systems, with emphasis on using fluid chemistry to understand physical, chemical, and biological processes. Developing, sampling, and sensing instrumentation for deep-sea hydrothermal environments.
Butterfield, D.A., K. Nakamura, B. Takano, M.D. Lilley, J.E. Lupton, J.A. Resing, and K.K. Roe (2011) High SO2flux, sulfur accumulation, and gas fractionation at an erupting submarine volcano. Geology. Doi: 10.1130/G31901.1
Bourbonnais, A., M.F. Lehmann, D.A. Butterfield, and S.K. Juniper ( 2012) Subseafloor nitrogen transformations in diffuse hydrothermal vent fluids of the Juan de Fuca Ridge evidenced by the isotopic composition of nitrate and ammonium. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 13, Q02T01, doi: 10.1029/2011GC003863.
Lang, S.Q., G.L. Fruh-Green, S.M. Bernasconi, and D.A. Butterfield (2013) Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field, Geobiology, doi:10.1111/gbi.12026
Huber, J., A.D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Baross (2006): Diversity and distribution of subseafloor Thermococcales populations in diffuse hydrothermal vents at an active deep-sea volcano in the northeast Pacific ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 111, G04016, doi:10.1029/2005JG000097.
Ver Eecke, Helene, D.A. Butterfield, J.A. Huber, M.D. Lilley, E.J. Olson, K.K. Roe, L.J. Evans, A.Y. Merkel, H.V. Cantin, and J.F. Holden (2012) Hydrogen-limited growth of hyperthermophilic methanogens at deep-sea hydrothermal vents, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 109, 13674-13679, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206632109.
Lang, S.Q., D.A. Butterfield, M.D. Lilley, H.P. Johnson, and J.I. Hedges (2006): Dissolved organic carbon in ridge-axis and ridge-flank hydrothermal systems. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70(15), 3830-3842.
Lupton, J., D. Butterfield, M. Lilley, L. Evans, J. Resing, R. Embley, E. Olson, G. Proskurowski, W. Chadwick, Jr., E. Baker, C. de Ronde, K.-I. Nakamura, K. Roe, R. Greene, and G. Lebon (2006): Submarine venting of liquid carbon dioxide on a Mariana Arc volcano. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 7, Q08007, doi:10.1029/2005GC001152.
Butterfield, D.A., Lilley, M.D., Huber, J.A., Roe, K.K., Embley, R.E., Baross, J.A. and Massoth, G.J., (2004) Mixing, Reaction and Microbial Activity in the Sub-seafloor Revealed by Temporal and Spatial Variation in Diffuse Flow Vents at Axial Volcano. In: The Sub-seafloor Biosphere at Mid-ocean Ridges, (eds. W.S.D. Wilcock, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross, E. DeLong, and C. Cary) Geophysical Monograph, American Geophysical Union.